Qilian jade


Qilian jade

Qilian jade is produced in the Qilian Mountains, so it is called Qilian jade. The stone species is yellow stone. Early mining in Jiuquan, Gansu, also known as Jiuquan jade. After the discovery of a large number of Qilian jade mines on the Qilian Mountain in Sunan Yugu Autonomous County, the quality is better and the color is more abundant. At present, twelve colors have been discovered, so it is also called “color jade”, with the largest amount of green jade, followed by Moyu. Gold jade. The geological identification of its mineral is serpentine, which is the same as that of Xiuyan jade, but the jade color is very easy to distinguish from Xiuyan jade.

Qilian jade

Qilian jade is a local famous product. In 1984, the Jade Research Office of the Yushi Economic and Mineral Department of Qilian County was named after the sculpture. It is a general term for a variety of jade formed by the Caledonian basement and ultrabasic rocks of the Qilian Mountains and the Altun Mountains. According to the place of origin, there are Zhongba Yu (Ledu), Dan Mayu (湟中), Chaidamuyu (Haixi) and so on.

Because it is produced in Yushigou and Jiadao Temple in Qilian County and in the mountainous areas around Qilian County, it is called Qilianyu. The jade color is dark green and has many black spots. The geological identification of its mineral is serpentine, which is the same as that of Xiuyan jade, but the jade color is very easy to distinguish from Xiuyan jade.

Qilian jade is various green, light green, emerald green, dark green, white and filter color. The structure is dense, subtle, bright and soft, with a hardness of 4 to 7 degrees. It has high process appreciation and economic value. Its carvings are delicate, moist and translucent. The production area is widely distributed, and the geological conditions of mineralization are superior, which has great prospects for development and utilization.

Qilian Yu began to develop in small scale in Qilian County, Qinghai Province in the southern part of the Qilian Mountains in the 1980s. In 1984, it was named after the trial of the Jade Research Laboratory of the Ministry of Geology and Minerals. Since the discovery of the name, there have been more and more jade melons, jade free, birds and beasts, jade bracelets, pendants, Kunqu ring, year pendants and other jewelry carvings, which is quite popular. In recent years, after entering the Nanyang and Hong Kong and Taibao jade markets, it has attracted the attention of jade experts at home and abroad, and won the reputation of “the wine jade” and “cuiyu” to show its effect and color. The buyers are coming, and the diggers are diligent. .

Qilian jade is a general term for a variety of jade formed by the Caledonian basic and ultrabasic rocks of the Qilian Mountains and the Altun Mountains. It is named after the Qilian Mountains. Its color is elegant, the shape is unique, the texture is delicate, and the artistic conception is endless. It is the best in jade and is favored by jade lovers. It is called one of the five top jade species in China. Since ancient times, it has been said to be "the world of Qilian beauty jade."

The development and utilization of Qilian jade has its own permanent history. According to historical records, in the Neolithic Age, the exquisite jade of Qijia culture unearthed from the site of Wuwei Niangniangtai was made of Qilian jade. Ancient books such as "Shan Hai Jing", "Shang Shu·Yong Gong", which were written more than two thousand years ago, will put the humanistic background and development history of Qilian Caiyu and Moyu into the annals of history. According to the "Shizhou Ji", Zhou Muwang, the luminous cup is the essence of white jade, bright night. This shows that as early as 2,000 years ago, Jiuquan produced a luminous cup, and it is a rare treasure. According to the Western Han Dynasty's "Hai Ne Shi Chau": Western Zhou (about 1066 BC - 771 BC) King Ji Man Ying Xi Wang's invitation to the Yaochi event, Xi Ximu gift Ji Ji a bi-glass wine glass , the name of the day "the night is always full of cups." Ji Manru was the best, and he loved it. Since then, the luminous cup has been famous forever. The luminous cup has a unique style, unique style, smooth texture, touch of desire, color and color, like jade, poured into wine, wine color crystal clear blue. Especially in the moon map, the clear jade liquid shines through the wall of the cup as thin as an eggshell. In the Tang Dynasty, the Luguang Cup was even more famous. The Tang Dynasty Wang Han Shiyun, "The Grape Wine Night Light Cup", the poem was famous for the cup, and the cup was enhanced by poetry.

Qilian jade origin

Qilian Cuiyu, produced in Qilian Yushigou area, jade white with green, crystal clear, quite like the name of jade; green jade, produced in Qilian jade ditch, Ledu Zhongba and other places; In the Dulan County area, there is the role of alcoholic liquor.

Qilian jade is mainly produced on the Qilian Mountain in the Maogou Town of Dahe Township, Sunan County, and the rivers and mountains in the area of ​​Ye Niugou in Qilian County, Haibei Prefecture, Qinghai Province. The stone texture is delicate, mostly for jade and mountain water. There are many colors in the middle of the stone. The volume is from tens of kilograms to several tons, and the larger one can reach ten tons. In addition to a small amount of jasper, ink jade can be used to make crafts, most of them are high-grade ornamental stone and garden stone.

Qilian jade classification

According to the place of origin, there are Zhongba Yu (Ledu), Dan Mayu (湟中), Chaidamuyu (Haixi) and so on.

According to the mineral composition and color change, serpentine jade, which is mainly composed of serpentine, is mostly dark green and dark green. The texture is fine and the hardness is small. The composition consisting mainly of flashing stone and light sloping chlorite is Soft jade; composed of calcium aluminum garnet, diopside, plagioclase, etc., consisting of dense jade, jade, white jade and so on. Qilian jade is various green, light green, emerald green, dark green, white and filter color. The structure is dense, subtle, bright and soft, with a hardness of 4 to 7 degrees. It has high process appreciation and economic value. Its carvings are delicate, moist and translucent. The production area is widely distributed, and the geological conditions of mineralization are superior, which has great prospects for development and utilization.

Jiuquan jade photo collection (17 photos) Qilian jade, mainly produced in the rivers and mountains of Ye Niugou in Qilian County, Golmud City, Qinghai Province. The stone texture is delicate, mostly for jade and mountain water. There are many colors in the middle of the stone. The volume is from tens of kilograms to several tons, and the larger one can reach ten tons. In addition to a small amount of jasper, ink jade can be used to make crafts, most of them are high-grade ornamental stone and garden stone. Qilian Cuiyu, produced in Qilian Yushigou area, jade white with green, crystal clear, quite like the name of jade; green jade, produced in Qilian jade ditch, Ledu Zhongba and other places; In the Dulan County area, there is the role of alcoholic liquor.

Qilian jade is a general term for a variety of jade formed by the Caledonian basement and ultrabasic rocks of the Qilian Mountains and the Altun Mountains. The structure of Qilian jade is dense and delicate, the color is bright and soft, the hardness is 4~7 degrees, it is various green, light green, emerald green, dark green, white and filter color. Its carving products are delicate and moist, with translucent feeling and high appreciation value. . The production of Qilian jade is widely distributed. The mineral composition is mainly serpentine jade, which is mainly dark green, dark green, yellow green, etc. The texture is fine, the toughness is strong, the hardness is 3 degrees Mohs; The smectite is mainly referred to as nephrite; the garnet, diopside and plagioclase are mainly dense jade, jade and white jade.

Qilian jade stone trait

Qilian jade, antique, 璞玉浑金, beautiful, is the best in jade, deeply favored by stone lovers. Qilian jade has "four beautiful":

The first is "formation beauty." The shape is unique, the shape is thousands, the volume is from tens of grams to several tons or even hundreds of tons, more for seed and mountain materials, some small and exquisite, crystal clear; some rich and elegant, solid and steady.

The second is "quality." The structure is compact, the texture is fine, the hardness is generally 4-7 degrees, the carvings are fine, moist, and the gloss is good. When the water meets, the charm is better, and the craft enjoys high economic value.

The third is "color beauty." The color is mainly green, simple and elegant, natural and harmonious, with light green, emerald green, dark green, white for transitional color, a small amount of yellow, red jade, translucent, with uniform black spots; layered, not carved, Beautiful and colorful.

The fourth is "beauty." The textures of Qilian Caiyu are endless, and the colors blend together to form a beautiful graphic conception, recreating the magic of all things in the world, representing the aura of the world, or resembling portraits, or constructing natural scenery, or reproducing landscapes and birds, or showing signs of life. The artistic conception of the world of artistic conception, the beauty of nature and the magic of nature are breathtaking.

Qilian jade is rich in reserves

Many large Qilian jade mineralized bodies were found in the Sunan Yugu Autonomous County of Gansu Province. The average resource reserves were estimated to be around 100 million tons. At the same time, a variety of Kistler resources for development and utilization were discovered, marking the geological exploration of Sunan County. The mine has made new breakthroughs.

Sunan Yugu Autonomous County is located in the northern foot of Qilian Mountain. It is located in one of the 12 key prospecting areas in the country determined by the state. It is rich in resources. There are 4 kinds of mineral resources, 34 kinds of 306 mineral deposits, and there are already proven tungsten. , molybdenum, iron and other mineral resources. Over the years, due to the deep mountain valleys, some areas have no roads and are inaccessible. With the development of the western region and the support of the state, provinces and cities for the ethnic areas, the infrastructure of Sunan County has been greatly improved, and the construction of traffic road network in the farming and pastoral villages has gradually expanded. In the past, some sparsely populated areas have successively adopted simple roads. Or pastoralism, on the one hand, facilitates the production and life of the farmers and herdsmen, and on the other hand brings new opportunities for the exploration and development of mineral resources.

In recent years, Sunan County has used mineral resources development as a pillar industry to promote the rapid economic development of autonomous counties. While promoting resource development, it has increased investment in mineral resources exploration and actively sought follow-up mineral sources, focusing on Heihe River and Longchang River. In the area of ​​the West River, the mineral resources exploration work was carried out. During the exploration process, six jade mineralized bodies were initially discovered in Laojunmiao, Yushigou and Maogou. The thickness of the jade ore layer was tens of meters to hundreds of meters, and the average width was More than 100 meters, lengths ranging from 1000 meters to 5,000 meters, according to the data already analyzed, each mine has a prospective resource of about 100 million tons, which is a large jade mine with huge potential for resource development. At the same time, we have found a wealth of strange stone resources. These strange stones are of different sizes, with strange shapes, colorful colors and excellent quality. They can be used for garden decoration, garden landscape, etc. It is the best in ornamental stone.

It is understood that Qilian jade is one of the five major jade species in China. It is mainly distributed in Qilian Mountain and Altun Mountain. The original stone can be used as landscape stone for urban beautification and home decoration, and has high ornamental value. Mineralized jade can be used to make crafts. The products are elegant and noble, with high artistic value. With the improvement of people's living standards and the growing demand for art consumer goods, Qilian jade development will usher in new opportunities.

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